04 Dec, 2020

The strength also of the king who loveth justice–Thou hast established equity, Thou hast executed justice and righteousness in Jacob. (Psalms 99:4)


The Operation Last Chance II poster, hung in major German cities. The ad reads “late, but not too late”. (Photo: Targum Shlishi)

The Simon Wiesenthal Center launched a new campaign in major German cities in late July, known as Operation Last Chance II, in order to bring former Nazi war criminals to justice. The initiative was spearheaded by Efraim Zuroff, chief Nazi hunter for the Center and director of its Israel office. In the wake of a press conference of the German judicial authorities held on September 3, it is now known that thirty-one Auschwitz guards are alive and living in Germany while another seven are living in other countries.

The program consisted of large posters hung up in popular high-traffic areas in metropolitan German cities such as Berlin, Hamburg, and Cologne for as long as three weeks. The posters were of a black-and-white photograph of the railroad entrance to the Birkenau death camp and stated that it is “Late, but not too late” for justice. The poster text declared: “Millions of innocents were murdered by Nazi war criminals. Some of the perpetrators are free and alive. Help us to bring them before a court.” A monetary rewards of as much as $33,000 for information resulting in the capture, conviction, and incarceration of Nazi war criminals was offered as well. “Unfortunately, very few people who committed the crimes had to pay for them,” says Zuroff.

Zuroff notes that there are several key objectives in seeking out the remaining war criminals:

The passage of time in no way diminishes the crimes or the guilt of the killers,” Zuroff said, “age should not mean that murderers have immunity, All victims of the Nazis deserve that efforts be made to hold the killers accountable. Today’s campaign is a reminder to the world of the magnitude of the crimes of the Holocaust and a warning to contemporary anti-Semites and racists. Today’s campaign and any resulting trials help counter Holocaust denial and distortion”

“Even though the guards that could currently be brought to trial are low on the Nazi totem pole, and even though there is only a slim chance that these guards will be convicted and punished, it remains extremely important to pursue justice,” says Aryeh Rubin, director of Targum Shlishi, an organization that is supporting the SWC initiative. “As long as any person who committed crimes against the Jews remains alive, it is our obligation to future generations to leave a proactive legacy, not one of inaction.

“It is also our obligation to the survivors. I do not want to have to look into a survivor’s eyes and say ‘It’s over, they are too old, so we stopped.’ There is an additional benefit derived from keeping this history alive and relevant for Germany’s younger generation – it is important that they are aware of their grandparents’ actions. It is my hope that Dr. Efraim Zuroff continues in his work as long as any Nazi guard, participant, or active onlooker remains alive. May the message to those who wish to harm our people be that eventually justice will be served.”

Prior to the poster campaign, Operation Last Chance had received the names of 660 suspects, 106 of whom have been submitted to prosecutors for trial, according to Zuroff. The poster campaign generated a wealth of information. To date, two cases have been submitted to the German governmental authorities, one involving a male guard and one a female guard at death camps.

The original Operation Last Chance was started by SWC’s Israel office, along with Targum Shlishi, in 2002.  “Operation Last Chance was our attempt to respond proactively to the reality of the diminishing opportunity to bring Holocaust perpetrators to justice. Time was running out and we sought to maximize justice while it was still possible to do so,” said Zuroff. At that time, Operation Last Chance was launched in Germany, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Poland, Romania, Austria, Croatia, and Hungary.

Speaking at a press conference at the Bundestag in Berlin in January, 2005 to announce the campaign’s original launch in Germany, Aryeh Rubin said that Operation Last Chance “is NOT about revenge. The eighty-year-old guard has lived his life and has his grandchildren, while we have no grandmothers, the repository of our oral culture. That can’t be revenge. IT’S ABOUT JUSTICE…This is really our last opportunity to achieve justice for the crimes of the recent past. History will not judge today’s post-war generations by the cars they drive, the movies they produce, or the buildings they erect. They will be judged by the society they build and the legacy they leave.”